A person specialized in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and other equipment is referred to an electrician. Installation of new equipment, maintenance, and repair of existing equipment is done by electricians. Universities, Colleges, job training, and other higher level qualification institutions help in training of electricians to equip them with knowledge and skills on electrical systems. Licensing of electricians is key in ensuring credibility when they are carrying out their different operations. There are different types of electrician including residential, commercial and dock electrician.
Residential electricians are mandated with the duty of installing and maintaining electrical system in buildings whose primary occupancy is considered residential such as family homes, apartments and hotels and motels. Installation and maintenance of electrical systems in residential areas as well as installation of electrical appliances and equipment that do not exceed 240 volts is done by residential electricians. Their operations mostly include residential wiring, installation of power outlets and sockets, installing special circuits for appliances, installing residential safety features such as security surveillance systems. Safety should be key in any of the installation and maintenance.
Commercial electricians are mainly based in commercial buildings where they are required to install, design and maintain the electrical instruments in the building including those that control the power, lighting, and heating as well as air conditioning and refrigeration units. Plans and diagrams are prepared showing how the piping is to be done as required by the local electrical codes or work with the engineering and architectural designs from the contractors in case of a new building where they are doing installation. Once the plans are made, the pipes are installed and then the electrical wiring is done ensuring that the wiring is continuous to enhance compatibility, safety and proper performance of the system.
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Dock electricians are quite useful in that they ensure lighting to be able to see where a vessel can be attached to the shore when at the port to ensure loading and off-loading when it is dark. Proper lighting of the and the lifts in a vessel installed and maintained by a dock electrician will ensure preparedness when it is dark. Care should be enhanced during installation and maintenance of dock and boat lift lighting whose electrical components are located in water and in case of any mistake they can produce electric currents in water causing electrocution in case somebody touches the water. Solar lighting is not encouraged in dock and boat lift lighting since it is not reliable for not providing enough illumination which is key when it’s dark to avoid accidents.
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Professionals in any given field of electrical installation and maintenance systems should always ensure safety of the occupants. An electricians has good chances of becoming an electrical engineer.